Wisdom Tooth Extractions

The third molars, commonly referred to as wisdom teeth, are the last permanent teeth to emerge in the mouth, usually appearing between the ages of 17 and 25. Some people never get their wisdom teeth, but for those who do, the molars may or may not erupt normally. If there is a problem with the wisdom teeth, an extraction may become necessary. At Holland River Dental in Bradford, we can remove impacted wisdom teeth that threaten the health of the rest of the teeth.

What are impacted teeth?

An impacted tooth is one that does not erupt properly or develop normally, often because there is not enough room for it. An impacted wisdom tooth may:

  • Grow at an angle, either toward another tooth or toward the back of the mouth
  • Grow at a right angle to the other teeth, as if it is “lying down”
  • Grow straight up or down like other teeth, but stay trapped within the jaw bone
  • Erupt only partially

Problems with impacted wisdom teeth

Not removing impacted wisdom teeth can result in:

  • Pain
  • Getting food and debris trapped behind the tooth
  • Infection or gum disease
  • Tooth decay
  • Damage to a nearby tooth or the surrounding bone
  • Formation of a cyst around the tooth
  • Complications when attempting an orthodontic treatment

To avoid these problems, an extraction is performed for most individuals whose wisdom teeth have grown in.

Procedure

Depending on how many teeth are being removed, either local, sedation, or general anesthesia will be administered. To extract the teeth, an incision will be made into the gums to expose the tooth and bone. Your dentist will remove any bone that blocks access to the tooth root. The tooth may be divided into sections to make it easier to remove from the gums. Once it has been removed, the site of the removed tooth will be cleaned of any debris left from the tooth or bone. The wound may or may not be stitched closed to promote healing. To control bleeding and to help a blood clot form, gauze will be placed over the extraction site.

After surgery

Following the tooth extraction, you will have to treat the site with care. You will receive instructions in regards to what to eat and drink as well as how to clean the site and what activities may have to be limited while waiting for the site to heal. Pain can be managed with over-the-counter medications, or your dentist may prescribe medication.

Your dentist at Holland River Dental in Bradford can help you maintain your oral health by extracting impacted wisdom teeth when necessary.

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